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Lot 0259

Orosius, Paulus. Paulo Orosio tradotto di latino in volgare per Giovanni Guerini da Lanciza novamente stampato. Toscolano: Paganino, without date but: about 1520. [at colophon:] P. Alex. Pag. Benacenses F. Bena. V.V.

8vo (153x85 mm), 17th century full calf, marbled edges, spine neatly restored in 20th century with red label and gilt-lettered title, ff. [172]. Xylographic headletter in criblé style. Italic type.

Excessively scarce first edition in Italian of the Orosius' apologetic History Against the Pagans, considered to be one of the books with the greatest impact on historiography during the period between antiquity and the Middle Ages, as well as being one of the most important Hispanic books of all time.

Born in Braga or in Tarragona, Orosius was a highly influential figure both for the dissemination of information (History Against the Pagans was one of the main sources of information regarding Antiquity that was used up to the Renaissance) and for rationalising the study of history (his methodology greatly influenced later historians). Part of its importance comes from the fact that the author shows his historiographical methodology. The book is a historical narration focussing on the pagan peoples from the earliest time up until the time Orosius was alive.

Provenance: Very interesting woodcut ex-libris of Gio. Batta Dati at title-page (see photo 1). Giovan Battista Dati, florentine, was elected cardinal in 1608.

References: Isaac, 13935 (indicating the dates 1520-1540). Adams, O-311. BM STC, Italian, 478. Palau, V, 377 (dates the edition about 1510). Olschki, Choix, 16131; Graesse, V, 52; Haym, 26-27; Eduard Toda 3628; Argelati, IV, 117; Baroncelli, 53; Capponi, 277; Dura, 11663; Ebert, 15257; Lechi, 106; Manzoni, 2546; Paitoni, III, 42. F. Fabbrini, Paolo Orosio: uno storico, Rome, 1979. M. L. Fuentes de la Rosa, Orosio y su tiempo, Madrid: Editorial de la Universidad Complutense, 1990. P. Martìnez Cavero, El pensamiento històrico y antropològico de Orosio, Murcia, 2002.F. J. Garcìa Frenàndez, La imagen de Hispania y los hispanos a finales de la Antiguedad. Las Historiae Adversum Paganos de Paulo Orosio, Conimbriga, 2005, n. 44, pp. 281-299. Hobson, G.D. Maoli, Carnevari and others, 1926, No. LIX; see also, Hobson, A.R.A. French & Italian collectors, 1953, p. 127. Cnce, 28203 (who dates this edition betweeen 1527 and 1533).
Out of Italy, OCLC locates only 10 copies worldwide.


Light foxing, but a very good copy.

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[Hispanic books] Orosius, 1520

Estimate €800 - €1,000
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