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Lot 0260

Herodianus, Syrus. Historia d'Herodiano dello imperio dopo Marco tradotta in lingua toscana et con diligentia stampata. Florence: Giunti, 1522. [at colophon:] Impresso in Fiorenza: per gli heredi di Philippo di Giunta, 1522 a di X Ottobre.

8vo (160x100 mm), 18th century stiff vellum with handwritten title at spine, ff. [4], 109, [3]. Italic type. Text in Italian.

Xylographic Filippo Giunti's device with two putti standing to the sides of of a platform with the initial F on the base, the fleur-de-lys and the motto Nil Candidivis on title-page and verso of last leaf. The translation was made by Antonio Francino.

First edition in Italian language of Herodianus' Roman History, covering the period from the death of Marcus Aurelius to the beginning of Gordian III's reign.

It is the most important source of information about the Roman emperor Elagabalus (also known as Heliogabalus) and every following historian got material on the matter from it.

Herodian's Roman History is a collection of eight books covering the period from the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 A.D. to the beginning of Gordian III's reign in 238. It provides a first person account of one of the most politically diverse times of the roman empire.

Content: The first book describes the reign of Commodus from 180 A.D. to 192, and the second discusses the Year of the Five Emperors in 193. Book Three encompasses the reign of Septimius Severus from 193 to 211, while the fourth discusses the reign of Caracalla from 211 to 217. Book five is about the reign of Elagabalus from 218 through 222, and book six deals with the reign of Severus Alexander from 222 to 235. The seventh book recounts the reign of Maximinus Thrax from 235 to 238, and the final one describes the Year of the Six Emperors in 238. Most likely, Herodian is writing for an eastern audience, for he often explains different Roman customs and beliefs that would have seemed foreign to Easterners.

Herodianus of Syria (ca. 170-240 A.D.) was a minor Roman civil servant and a Greek (perhaps from Antioch) who appears to have lived for a considerable period of time in Rome, but possibly without holding any public office. From his extant work, we gather that he was still living at an advanced age during the reign of Gordianus III, who ascended the throne in 238. Beyond this, nothing is known of his life.

References: Adams, H-392. Cnce, 22649. OCLC, 54252659.


An excellent copy, clean and crisp throughout.

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[Roman History] Herodianus, 1522

Estimate €1,000 - €1,200
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