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Lot 0102
KENNEDY, William. Texas: The Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas. London: R. Hastings, 1841.
2 volumes. 8vo., (9 x 5 4/8 inches). 2 engraved folding maps, Arrowsmith's "Map of Texas", 1841 with original hand-colour in outline (creased, short tear near the mount) and Cheffin's "Map of the Republic of Texas and the Adjacent Territories", 2 full-page maps. Original brown cloth decorated in blind (head and foot of each spine chipped with minor loss); preserved in a red cloth slipcase. First edition, and an important book principally for the two maps that it contains. The first by John Arrowsmith: "A Map of Texas, Compiled from Surveys Recorded in the Land Office of Texas, and Other Official Surveys" with two inset maps: a "Plan of Galveston Bay from a M.S." and an untitled map of North America from lower Canada to Central America with Republic of Texas outlined in pink. This map was first issued in Arrowsmith's London Atlas (published between 1832-1846). "Regarded as the best and most useful map of Texas at the time of its publication. The depiction of the western boundary of Texas as the Rio Grande as far north as its source reflects the popular notion of that period and helps to illustrate the rationale behind the ill-fated Santa Fe expedition. The map was widely copied, attested by the number of times Arrowsmith's errors in the Panhandle area describing that territory as well-wooded and watered were added to many later maps. Despite this mistake, the map is generally one of the best maps for the Republic period" (Amon Carter Museum, Crossroads of Empire: Early Printed Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-1900 33). "Arrowsmith's map was probably the first to show the full extent of Texas' claim to the upper Rio Grande.... As one of the earliest maps to contain information from the General Land Office of Texas, the map located Indian tribes, major roadways, and included editorial comments for the benefit of the future traveler to Texas, such as 'excellent land,' 'valuable land,' 'rich land,' and 'delightful country'" (Martin & Martin). Phillips, America, p. 843; Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #451 (citing present issue). Cheffins' "Map of the Republic of Texas and the Adjacent Territories, Indicating the Grants of Land Conceded under the Empresario System of Mexico" shows Texas divided into land grants, and the southern border as the Nueces. This in contrast to the Arrowsmith which shows the southwest border of Texas at the Rio Grande. However, it is a detailed map and includes place locations for mines, forts, Harrisburg, Lynchburg, Bath, McNeil's Landing, Carancaway Creek, New Washington, Droves of Wild Cattle & Horses, Mustang or Wild Horse Desert, Whaco Village, etc. Curiously, Houston and Austin are not located. Day, Maps of Texas, page 36. On its first publication, it was universally agreed that Kennedy's was the best history of Texas available. So pleased was the Texan Congress that they passed a resolution of thanks to the author. "This is a most interesting book, for even in [Vol. I] on the geography and...history to 1836, Kennedy brings in various contemporary comments not usually found in the conventional account. All this is quite remarkable, for before the publication of his Texas Kennedy was in Texas only from sometime in April, 1839, to the end of June of that year. In 1842 he returned as British Consul at Galveston and in that year started proceedings to settle six hundred families south of the Nueces, a project never carried out" (Streeter 1385). Basic Texas Books 117. Eberstadt, Texas, 162:458. Howes K92. Sabin 37440.

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