MARIO CARRENO (Cuban, 1913-1999) Title: Muchacha, Medium: Ink on Paper, Date: 1942, Size: 10 x 10.50 in. COA by Mrs. Ida GonzÃ¡lez de CarreÃ±o. Born in Havana, 1913. Like so many other artists, I studied at San Alejandro, but when I left for Spain in 1931, I was table to dedicate myself immediately to painting. Graphic design allowed me to earn a living in those difficult years which were a prelude to the Spanish Civil War. In 1935, I left for Mexico, where I met and worked with the great muralists. But it was in Paris, between 1937 and 1939 that I began to exhibit with some success. The artistic environment was excellent; my circle was the same as that of Picasso and Lam. During the 40's I moved to New York and began to do abstract painting, which was in vogue at the time. I would often return to Cuba. In 1957, I came to Chile, at the urging of someone who was already a great friend, Pablo Neruda. He was always in awe of Cuba, of its climate, its beaches, its seashells (especially the polimitas). For me Chile was a sort of paradise, in contrast to the overly fast paced reality of New York. I realized that it offered a different kind of life, more attuned to the rhythm of human beings, and that's what compelled me most strongly to stay. When I returned to Paris in 1962, I found a great preoccupation, a terrible anguish over the possibilities of an atomic war. For a long time, I was traumatized by a fear that pervaded all of Europe. From this experience emerged the series The Petrified World, my protest against war, against human suffering. In recent years I have had a great desire to feel the warmth of Cuba, to be in Cuba, and this has led me again to the theme of Antillanas. I have not returned to Cuba since 1957"