MARIA BLANCHARD (1881-1932) Title: Untitled (Composition cubiste), Medium: Gouache on Cardboard, Size: 12.25 x 9.75 in, Date: c. 1916-20. Private Collection. Certificate of Attribution. Spanish painter. He was born in Santander, and died in Paris. It is marked from birth by a deformed body that determines their bitter fate. In 1903 he moved to Madrid to become Painter on attending studios of painters Emilio Sala, Fernando Ãlvarez Sotomayor and Manuel Benedito. In 1908 he obtained the third medal at the exhibition of fine arts through the first steps. In 1909 he moved to Paris with a grant from the provincial Government of Santander. He attends the Vitti Academy, where he received classes of the Spanish painter Anglada Camarasa and Kees Van Dongen, who teach him the creative freedom, away from the academic ties that had instilled him in Spain. His painting in recent years is close to Fauvism, with expressionistic use of color. Meet Juan Gris and Jacques Lipchitz, influencing his later work, and comes into contact with Cubism. On his return to Madrid in 1914 he attended the tertulia of the Cafe Pombo of Gomez de la Serna and participates in controversial sign painters intact, organized by it. After a short time as a teacher of drawing in Salamanca, he returned permanently to Paris in 1916. His work, which until then was developed within the figuration with an academic Bill, drawing firm and sober tones, initiates a Cubist period, which keeps their personal expressionist notes. Woman with guitar, Maria G. Blanchard (1917). After 1920, we attended their last pictorial stage, in which the human figure, mainly beings sick and mourners filled, sad and meditative environments, will be the focus of his work. In these paintings of delicate color and angular rhythms abandons Cubism by a realistic style that survive the rigor of his earlier compositions. Children, loneliness, gloom, sadness and diseases set up its thematic repertoire and are plastic reflection of his own life. Although the presentation of your picture the communicant, at the "Salon des Independents" in 1921, achieves a remarkable success, the last years of his life it lives mired in economic hardship and a great sadness until in 1932 he died in Paris, sick with tuberculosis. "marÃa Blanchard - says Jean Cassou - it is one of those artists who have begun by the Cubist discipline and that after his own temperament - and this endearing creature was of the most original - has led to a figurative work, but that unquestionably retains the hallmark of his first school. This extraordinary artist, whose greatness would never be too much praised, possessed his universe, a universe of love and piety, but that had not been able to impose with powerful evidence if it had not extracted Cubist lesson this security to distinguish and simplify forms. His work is distributed by various museums: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; Museum of fine arts of Bilbao; Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes, Santander; Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; Museum of fine arts, Brussels.