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Lot 0082
c1573 Earliest Printed Map of Wales Cambriae Typus by Lluyd

A very nice hand coloured example of the earliest printed map specifically of Wales, that was compiled by Humphrey Llwyd (Lloyd) shortly before his death.
It was first published in 1573 by Abraham Ortelius. Cambriae Typus is the first printed map to show Wales as a separate region and although it has many inaccuracies e.g. showing Wales as extending to the River Severn (and therefore including large parts of what is now known as England), it was a great improvement on earlier maps. In Cambriae Typus, Llwyd focused on creating a historical and cultural map rather than portraying the contemporary political situation. The map is in good condition with fresh looking colours and some minor creasing. It has been mounted, framed in mahogany wood and glazed.
Humphrey Lhuyd (1527–1568), (alternatively spellings: Llwyd, or Lloyd or Lhud), was a Welsh Cartographer, who was born on his family's estate in the North Wales county of Denbighshire. He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, where he specialised in sciences. His first notable position was as physician to the Earl of Arundel, who happened to be Chancellor of the university at the time. Lhuyd was an active politician for a number of years, becoming amongst other things, the MP for East Grinstead during the reign of Elizabeth I, in 1559. A few years later, Llwyd returned to Denbigh and lived at Denbigh Castle with the permission of the Lord of the Manor of town, Sir John Salusbury. More politics followed when Lhuyd became MP for 'Denbigh Boroughs', his main achievement during this role being an act that allowed the translation of the Bible into the Welsh language. The second half of the 16th century saw him travel into Europe. In Antwerp, he became acquainted with Flemish mapmaker Abraham Ortelius. Lhuyd studied Ortelius’ skills and work, developing a profound interest in cartography. On returning to Wales in 1563, he was commissioned by the Crown to create the first printed map of Wales. This he did, plus a number of other works including an extraordinary map of the constellations and planets, and a map of England and Wales. Llwyd died in 1568 and is buried in a small chapel on the outskirts of Denbigh.
Size image: 49 x 35cm (19½ x 13½ inches)
Size frame: 62 x 54cm (24½ x 21 inches)
Weight: 3.1kg

Reserve: $1,196.00

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    c1573 Earliest Printed Map of Wales Cambriae Typus by

    Estimate $1,400 - $1,500May 16, 2019
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    Ships from verified Jasper52 seller #92122 in United Kingdom
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    New York, NY, USA
    Auction Curated By:
    Steve Kovacs
    Maps Expert