JOAN MIRî 1893-1983
Montroig 1893-1983 Mallorca (Spanish)
Title: The Night, the Bear II, from: Series for King Ubu | La Nuit, LÕOurs II, from: Suites pour Ubu Roi, 1966
Technique: Original Hand Numbered Lithograph in Colours on Arches Wove Paper
Paper size: 54 x 75 cm. / 21.3 x 29.5 in.
Image size: 41 x 63 cm. / 16.1 x 24.8 in.
Additional Information: This original lithograph in colours is hand numbered in pencil from the edition of 75, at the lower left corner. There were also 25 hors commerce [out of trade] impressions.
This composition was published unsigned and exists only in this form.
The work was part of a portfolio entitled "Roi Ubu" [King Ubu] realised by the artist in 1966.
It was printed by Atelier Mourlot, Paris and published by TŽriade ƒditeur, Paris.
The paper bears the Arches watermark along the lower margin.
Note: Ubu Roi (Ubu the King) is a play by Alfred Jarry, premiered in 1896. It is a precursor of the Theatre of the Absurd and Surrealism.
It is the first of three stylised burlesques in which Jarry satirises power, greed, and their evil practicesÑin particular the propensity of the complacent bourgeois to abuse the authority engendered by success.
It was followed by Ubu Cocu [Ubu Cuckolded] and Ubu Encha”nŽ [Ubu Enchained], neither of which was performed during Jarry's 34-year life.
Pre Ubu first appeared in 1888 in a collaboration between Alfred Jarry and a fellow student at the Rennes LycŽe, but his first public appearance came in 1893 when Jarry published some of prose works in an avant-garde review, the Minutes de Sable MŽmorial. His triumph, however, was on the stage when the director of the The‰tre de l'Oeuvre, Lugne-Poe staged a production of Ubu Roi.
The audience received the play with screams, whistles, fist-shaking, the critics took up the cudgels and the play became infamous and its author an avant-garde hero.
Joan Mir— used Ubu Roi as a subject of his most famous series, made of 50 1940 lithographs known as "the Barcelona Series".
These pictures could be Ubu Roi but they also satirise General Franco and his generals after he had won the Spanish Civil War.
He revisited this subject many times in his oeuvre.
1. Mourlot, F. & Leiris, M. (1977). Joan Mir—: Der Lithograph, Vol. III 1964-1969. Geneva: Weber.
Reference: Mourlot 423
2. Cramer, P. (1989). Mir—: Catalogue des Livres IlustrŽes. Paris: Edition Cramer,
Reference: Cramer 108
Condition: Excellent condition. Slight waviness to the left and right margins. Pale, unobtrusive staining in the left and right margins, 51/75