Lucy Stone Discusses Schedule and 1868 Election
LUCY STONE, Autograph Letter Signed, to Cornelius B. Campbell, Newark, New Jersey, September 27, 1868. Written in ink on plain cream paper with expected toning, folds and chips to edges. 2 pp., 5.25" x 8.25".
Newark Sept. 27 1868
C. B. Campbell Esq.
I wish you would consult with the Vineland friends - The Gages, Mrs. Stevens, Mrs Butler, Mrs. [Reed?], Mr. Clute &c. and get their opinions as to when and where we shall hold an anniversary. There will be a Woman's rights convention in Boston on the 18 & 19 of Nov. which I shall attend.
Our anniversary should come later, both to accommodate the Boston meeting, and to be out of the way of the election. Would Hammonton be a good place for the next meeting? We must not have them all in Vineland. I see you just had a meeting there. By the way, who called that meeting?
Everywhere, our cause is doing well. Did you read Frank Blairs speech in Yesterday's World? Are we to suppose that a part of the Democrats are ready to take up Womens suffrage?
Philadelphia attorney Charles K. Landis (1833-1900) established the colony of Hammonton in southern New Jersey in 1857, and by 1860, it was a stable community with more than 2,000 inhabitants. Landis purchased thousands more acres of land southwest of Hammonton in New Jersey in 1861, on which to create an alcohol-free utopian society based on agriculture and progressive thinking. He named it Vineland. New residents built the first houses in 1862, and the population reached 5,500 by 1865 and 11,000 by 1875. Campbell and his wife settled there in 1862. Suffragists Portia and John Gage, Olive F. Stevens, Deborah Butler, and Oscar Clute also settled there.
On September 5, 1868, suffragist leader Susan B. Anthony spoke at the Plum Street Hall in Vineland.
At the November 1868 election, Portia Gage and 171 other black and white women brought their own ballot box and voted in Vineland; 168 voted for Ulysses S. Grant, while 4 voted for Horatio Seymour, but male election judges refused to include the women's votes in the official returns
Frank Blair (1821-1875) was a member of the prominent Blair family of Maryland and Missouri. After spending much of his private fortune in support of the Union and serving as a major general in the Civil War, he was financially ruined. Opposed to Congressional Reconstruction, he joined the Democratic party and became its vice presidential candidate in 1868. He contributed to the party’s loss to Ulysses S. Grant through his speaking tour in which he took a racist stand against the Republicans. In September 1868, he gave a speech in Indianapolis, which was “devoted to proving that women ought to vote and that negroes ought not,” in the words of one critic. He raised the specter of black-on-white rape and race-mixing “with negroes, Chinese, Indians, Mormons, of all nations, in certain sections of the country making its laws.” Few considered him an advocate of woman suffrage; he simply used it as a tool against African American suffrage, as Stone understood.
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