Palestine/Yishuv: South African Mk II steel helmet marked "Pakakh" ('Inspector') in Hebrew in white on the front, circa 1940's. The shell does not have visible maker-marks (the manufacturer was Transvaal Steel Pressing Syndicate) but conforms to the style of the South African manufacture, with crimped edge and 3 holes punched into the rear rim. The liner is marked "Jäger-Rand 1940" on 3 lines with the symbol of the SA Ministry of Defence in between and size "6 7/8", with oval olive-green felt top. The chin strap appears to be the British Mk II, held in place by split-rivet securing lug. The black liner is torn in places but fully intact. This kind of helmet was likely worn by air-raid wardens, to help clear civilians from exposed areas during air raids. As domestically made helmets for such purposes, for use by the Jewish 'Yishuv' (community) in Palestine, were manufactured by Pleese Ltd. of Holon, this helmet probably pre-dates the domestic makes and would date to the early part of the Second World War.