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Fossilized Pleistocene Cave Bear Skull

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Fossilized Pleistocene Cave Bear Skull
Item Details
Description
Ancient Europe, Romania, Pleistocene epoch, ca. 1.2 million to 24,000 years ago. Intimidating but also awe-inspiring, the fossilized skull of a European cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) with a full set of teeth. The bone surface is a weathered white with yellowing areas. This bear was probably full grown when it died as evidenced by the worn-down molars. Prehistoric humans did indeed hunt these massive bears and venerated them as deities. A bear skull, like this one, has even been discovered in an ancient cave shrine! Size: 18.25" L x 9.25" W x 10.5" H (46.4 cm x 23.5 cm x 26.7 cm); 14.5" H (36.8 cm) on included custom stand.

Enormous cave bears were first described in 1774, and scientists at the time thought their huge remains might be those of polar bears. Later scientists realized that they were once part of the group of megafauna that roamed Ice Age Europe - alongside mammoths, woolly rhinos, giant deer, and lions - and males of the species could be fifty percent larger than modern day grizzly bears. Ancient humans were aware of the animals and painted them on the walls of caves. Despite their fierce appearance, cave bears had a mostly vegetarian diet, and ultimately went extinct during the Last Glacial Maximum ca. 27000 to 24000 years ago, when the vegetation they relied upon disappeared. Despite their name, these bears only inhabited caves during their hibernation period through the harsh Ice Age winters. Many skeletons have been discovered in caves where the bears passed away peacefully in their sleep.

Provenance: private Hagar collection, Wildwood, Missouri, USA

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

We ship worldwide to most countries and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience.

#159712
Condition
Cranium repaired from approximately five pieces with minor resurfacing over break lines. Lower mandible reattached. Large chip from lower canine tooth. Surface weathering, cracks, and losses from the peripheries as expected with fossilization, but overall, good preservation with the teeth in great condition!
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Fossilized Pleistocene Cave Bear Skull

Estimate $17,000 - $25,500
Oct 08, 2020
See Sold Price
Starting Price $8,500
Shipping, Payment & Auction Policies
Ships from Louisville, CO, United States
Local Pick-Up Louisville, CO, United States
Artemis Gallery

Artemis Gallery

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0101A: Fossilized Pleistocene Cave Bear Skull

Sold for $8,500
1 Bid
Est. $17,000 - $25,500Starting Price $8,500
Exceptional Antiquities, Asian, Ethnographic
Oct 08, 2020 10:00 AM EDT
Buyer's Premium 24.5%

Lot 0101A Details

Description
...
Ancient Europe, Romania, Pleistocene epoch, ca. 1.2 million to 24,000 years ago. Intimidating but also awe-inspiring, the fossilized skull of a European cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) with a full set of teeth. The bone surface is a weathered white with yellowing areas. This bear was probably full grown when it died as evidenced by the worn-down molars. Prehistoric humans did indeed hunt these massive bears and venerated them as deities. A bear skull, like this one, has even been discovered in an ancient cave shrine! Size: 18.25" L x 9.25" W x 10.5" H (46.4 cm x 23.5 cm x 26.7 cm); 14.5" H (36.8 cm) on included custom stand.

Enormous cave bears were first described in 1774, and scientists at the time thought their huge remains might be those of polar bears. Later scientists realized that they were once part of the group of megafauna that roamed Ice Age Europe - alongside mammoths, woolly rhinos, giant deer, and lions - and males of the species could be fifty percent larger than modern day grizzly bears. Ancient humans were aware of the animals and painted them on the walls of caves. Despite their fierce appearance, cave bears had a mostly vegetarian diet, and ultimately went extinct during the Last Glacial Maximum ca. 27000 to 24000 years ago, when the vegetation they relied upon disappeared. Despite their name, these bears only inhabited caves during their hibernation period through the harsh Ice Age winters. Many skeletons have been discovered in caves where the bears passed away peacefully in their sleep.

Provenance: private Hagar collection, Wildwood, Missouri, USA

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

We ship worldwide to most countries and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience.

#159712
Condition
...
Cranium repaired from approximately five pieces with minor resurfacing over break lines. Lower mandible reattached. Large chip from lower canine tooth. Surface weathering, cracks, and losses from the peripheries as expected with fossilization, but overall, good preservation with the teeth in great condition!

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