Exhibit features 18th C. Philadelphia ceramics discovered during dig

18th century ceramics

Decorative items from a remarkable assemblage of 18th-century slipware ceramics uncovered during an archaeological excavation in Philadelphia. Photo courtesy of Robert Hunter

PHILADELPHIA A remarkable assemblage of 18th-century slipware ceramics uncovered during an archaeological excavation in Philadelphia will soon be revealed to the public for the first time. Nearly a dozen pieces of slipware, a form of decorative lead-glazed pottery, will be on view at the 2018 New York Ceramics & Glass Fair from Thursday, Jan. 18 – Sunday, Jan. 21, 2018, at Bohemian National Hall in Manhattan.

The display is called “Buried Treasure: New Discoveries in Philadelphia Slipware from the Collection of the Museum of the American Revolution.” It is sponsored by Ceramics in America, which is published by the Chipstone Found­ation of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and the Museum of the American Revolution. After the exhibit, the items will be returned to the Museum for future display.

The slipware was uncovered during excavations on the site of the new Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia, during which archaeologists from Commonwealth Heritage Group recovered nearly 85,000 artifacts. Among these was a group of slipware ceramics, including large dishes and other items, distinguished by vivid abstract patterns created using a specialized skill known as “slip trailing,” which involves pouring liquid clay onto an object.

The pieces were found in a brick-lined privy shaft associated with one or more taverns. Although the pieces primarily had display value, they may have been used for serving as well. Current research suggests that these previously undocumented slipwares were made in Philadelphia by one or more French or German potters operating within the confines of the historic Old City district.

18th century ceramics

18th-century slipware plate from an assemblage of ceramics uncovered during an archaeological excavation in Philadelphia. Photo courtesy of Robert Hunter

“We’ve seen hints of this type of slipware before but nothing that has this degree of intactness and comprehensiveness as far as the patterns exhibited here,” said Robert Hunter, author, archaeologist and editor of the annual journal Ceramics in America. “Nothing else has been this complete. By virtue of that intactness, we have been able to make great bounds in what we can learn from them about who made them and how they were used.”

A lecture by archaeologist Deborah Miller, Senior Materials Specialist for AECOM in Burlington, New Jersey, will discuss the significance of the discovery in light of their contribution to Philadelphia’s ceramic history at the 2018 New York Ceramics and Glass Fair on Thursday, Jan. 18 at 2 p.m.

“The site of the Museum of the American Revolution is the gift that keeps on giving,” said Hunter. “There is no question that it has been an extremely rich deposit of 18th-century material culture. And we’ve only scratched the surface – I believe it will be many years before we fully realize the research potential from the materials from the site.”

18th century ceramics

A teapot discovered to be an example of American-made hard paste porcelain. Photo courtesy of Robert Hunter

In addition to the slipware, a newly analyzed decorated porcelain teapot will be on display. The teapot was discovered to be only the second-known example of American-made hard-paste porcelain. The first example was the ‘Holy Grail’ bowl exhibited last year. Historical research by Rob Hunter and Deborah Miller has now suggested that this porcelain was being made in the circa 1765-1768 period, earlier than the previously known Bonnin and Morris porcelain Factory which opened in 1770. This new discovery changes the complexion of the history of porcelain making both in Philadelphia and the larger American context. The findings will be discussed in depth in an upcoming article in Ceramics in America.

“What is so exciting about this discovery is that it is a reminder of the importance of archaeology in colonial urban sites like Philadelphia,” said Dr. R. Scott Stephenson, Vice President of Collections, Exhibitions, and Programming at the Museum of the American Revolution. “The materials recovered on these sites require years of research to fully appreciate, and so these treasures from the Museum site will continue to provide new insight into Revolutionary America.”

Archaeologists from Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc. conducted fieldwork at the site of the new Museum of the American Revolution from July through October 2014 and briefly in April 2015 and May 2016, uncovering a record of occupation from the earliest settlement of Philadelphia through the mid-20th century. Most of the artifacts were found in brick-lined privy and well shafts. The features contained an enormous quantity of of ceramics, including locally made Philadelphia objects and imported English, German, and Chinese wares, among other artifacts. For more information, click here.

About the Museum of the American Revolution

The Museum of the American Revolution explores the dynamic story of the American Revolution using its rich collection of Revolutionary-era weapons, personal items, letters, diaries, and works of art. Immersive galleries, theater experiences, and recreated historical environments bring to life the events, people, and ideals of our nation’s founding and engage people in the history and continuing relevance of the American Revolution. Located in the heart of historic Philadelphia – the headquarters of the Revolution — the Museum is just steps away from Independence Hall, Carpenters’ Hall, and Franklin Court. It serves as a portal to the region’s many Revolutionary sites, sparking interest, providing context, and encouraging exploration. The Museum is a private, non-profit, and non-partisan organization. For more information, visit www.AmRevMuseum.org or call 877-740-1776.

The New York Ceramics & Glass Fair, which is held at the Bohemian National Hall, 321 East 73rd Street (between First and Second Avenues), opens on Wednesday evening, January 17, from 5:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m., Tickets are $90 per person. The fair opens to the public Thursday, January 18 through Sunday, January 21, from 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.; and on Sunday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tickets are $20 per person and can be used throughout the duration of the fair.

An essential adjunct to the New York Ceramics & Glass Fair is its extensive lecture program, which runs throughout the duration of the fair and is free with the purchase of a ticket. With a lineup of distinguished curators and experts, this year’s series will provide lively and thought-provoking panel discussions about the realms of clay and glass. Seating is on a first-come, first-serve basis.

The New York Ceramics & Glass Fair is co-produced by Meg Wendy of MCG Events LLC and Elizabeth J. Lees Events.

For more information visit, www.nyceramicsandglass.com.

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