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Lot 0014
[MUTINY OF THE NANCY GARRISON]: A.L.S., Rostan, two pages, 4to, Metz, 4th September 1790, in French. Citizen Rostan suggests to take his correspondent´s brother with him far from the revolts of Nancy, and states `..three days ago we had to send a small army to Nancy to bring back to reason the 3 regiments of the King which were uprised for the last 15 days. Because of the revolt 3 to 4 hundred people have died, but we have been able to stop the mutiny. We must expect that this harshness will hold back the others..´. Together with a very interesting and lengthy A.L.S., Dantoine Tailly, a French Officer, four pages, 4to, Metz, 4th September 1790, to his brother, in French, stating in part ´..the events just happened in Nancy will not be easily forgotten, although at today´s date we have brought back the calm; the three regiments supporting the uprising were Chateaux Vieux Suisse et Mestre de Camp, Cavalerie. The King´s regiment and the National Guard fought against the other regiments. We sent 600 men of the National Guard from Metz…M. de Bouillé leading them, a good General who came back from the American wars..After the third cannon shot the door opened and we went in..the Nancy troops betrayed the Metz ones and they shot them.. M. de Bouillé had to order the Swiss regiment to identify themselves…in order to recognize them from the other Swiss…it was a shooting chaos, we were close to lose all our Metz regiment if a cannonman wasn´t killed in the last second.. Women were throwing boiling water from their windows.. Such confrontations concluded with a horrible carnage..´ A letter of very good historical content. Also including A.L.S., Broglie, two pages, 4to, 12th September 1790, to M. de St-Victor, stating in part `..If, as I hope, severe justice is applied to the officers and soldiers of the garrison regiments of Nancy, I think that the army will recover, which is very necessary..´ Also including André Drut (1764-1818) French General. D.S., Drut, one page, folio, 26th December 1793, to lieutenant Fouque. The document refers to the officer´s services, stating `..especially his achievements during the Nancy affair..´ Also including seven contemporary printed documents, one, three, six, sixteen and fourty-three pages, dated between 16th August and 24th September 1790, all related to Nancy regiments and the mutiny and containing interesting reports. G, 11 £1000-1200 The Nancy garrison, comprising three regiments, was demanding their pending salaries, and had imprisoned their own officers in August 1790. Governor Marquis de Bouillé leaded the repression and after hard street confrontation 300 people died on 31st August. In Paris, the Convention first sentenced to prison the insurgents and supported the officers repression, but soon after the escape of Varennes, the insurgents became the symbol of the oppressed people, their sentences were condemned and their rights restored. The red bonnet, used for convicts, became an emblem of the Republic. Charles Louis Victor, Prince de Broglie (1756-1794) French General and President of the Constituent Assembly. Guillotined.

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Estimate €1,100 - €1,400Nov 25, 2017