Weekly Auctions of Exceptional Items
DoneSat, Jun 28, 2008 9:00 PM EDT
Sydney, Australia, AU
The Documents of War
The Documents of War - An Important Militaria Auction
Lot Number: Lowest
The Collection will be available to view on the following days: Thursday 26th June 1pm-8pm Friday 27th June 8am -10am Saturday 28th June 10am-4pm Sunday 29th June 10am-Start of Sale
1A the Crescent
Sydney, Australia, NSW 2038
Terms & Conditions
Terms and Conditions 1. Auctioneer is Agent for Vendor Lawson-Menzies is agent for the Vendor and is not responsible for any default by the Vendor or the Buyer. 2. Highest Bidder Subject to any reserve price, the highest bidder shall be the Buyer and a dispute shall be settled by the Auctioneer who may at any time at his absolute discretion and regardless of the fall of the hammer re-open the bidding or withdraw the Lot from sale. The decision of the Auctioneer shall be final. 3. Regulation of Bidding The Auctioneer has the right in his absolute discretion to refuse any bid and to advance and regulate the bidding as he decides and any bid acknowledged and relied upon by the Auctioneer may not be with drawn. 4. Rights of Auctioneer and Vendor The Auctioneer and the Vendor reserve the following rights which may be exercised by the Auctioneer without giving any reason therefore: (a) not to offer for sale any Lot described in the catalogue; (b) to offer for sale part only of any Lot described in the catalogue; (c) to offer (2) or more of the Lots described in the catalogue as separate Lots or together as one Lot; (d) should such Lots referred to in (c) of this Condition not be knocked down under the hammer to a successful bidder, to offer them as separate Lots; (e) to keep secret the existence and amount of the reserve price (if any) of a Lot; (f) in the event that any Buyer shall successfully bid for more than one Lot at the auction - (1) to appropriate any moneys received from that Buyer in satisfaction or partial satisfaction of the Purchase Price due in respect of any one or more of such Lots to the total or partial exclusion of amounts due in respect of any other such Lot or Lots as the Auctioneer shall see fit; and (2) to elect at any time to treat each Contract for the sale of each such Lots as interdependent with each other such Contract or Contracts and default under any such Contract shall be treated as default under all such Contracts; (g) to bid on behalf of the Vendor or any prospective Buyer with or without disclosure; (h) in the event that any Lot is not sold at the auction to offer to sell same thereafter by private treaty but otherwise subject to these Conditions; and (i) to refuse any person or persons admission to, or eject them from, the auction site. 5. Buyer Bids as Principal Every Buyer shall be deemed to bid as principal unless prior to the auction he discloses to Lawson-Menzies that he will be bidding on behalf of a principal and supplies the full name and address of his principal and a copy of a written authority to bid for and on behalf of that principal and such authority is satisfactory to Lawson-Menzies. 6. Buyers Registration Form Every bidder shall complete and sign a Buyers Registration Form. Proof of identity acceptable to Lawson-Menzies may be required prior to entry to the auction premises. 7. Buyers Premium The Buyer may be required to pay to Lawson-Menzies a Buyers Premium based on a percentage of the Hammer Price. The terms of that premium will be published prior to the auction. The Buyer acknowledges that Lawson-Menzies may also receive commission from the Vendor. 8. G.S.T "G.S.T" means the goods and services tax imposed by the A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 (Com) (as amended) (a) Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd will sell the Property to be auctioned on a G.S.T exclusive basis. The hammer price will therefore be exclusive of any G.S.T payable. Lawson Menzies will invoice the Purchaser for the hammer price, buyer's premium and the applicable G.S.T. Lawson Menzies will account to the Vendor for any G.S.T payable on the hammer price actually recovered form the Purchaser. The Vendor will be responsible to pay the G.S.T to the Australian Tax Office. (b) The purchaser must carefully assess whether input tax credits for any G.S.T paid in addition to the hammer price will be available. We recommend you contact your accountant or lawyer on this question. (c) Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd will mark its sale catalogue with a diamond "?" against each lot declared to be subject to G.S.T on sale. The Purchaser shall be responsible to pay G.S.T on the hammer price for lots marked with a diamond as a "taxable supply". (d) Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd will provide the Purchaser with a valid 'tax invoice' if G.S.T is assessable on the sale. (e) Any overseas buyer eligible for exemption form G.S.T must provide satisfactory proof to Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd that the property has or will leave the country as an export within 60 days of its purchase. (f) No exemption of G.S.T will apply to a buyer's premium. G.S.T will be charged by Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd to the purchaser on the buyer's premium. 9. Statements made by Auctioneer at Rostrum All conditions, notices, descriptions, statements and other matters in the catalogue and elsewhere concerning a Lot are subject to any statements modifying or affecting the same made by the Auctioneer from the rostrum prior to any bid being accepted for the Lot. 10. Catalogue Descriptions (a) Any representation or statement by Lawson-Menzies in any catalogue, advertisement or brochure as to the authorship, origin, date, age, period, attribution, genuineness, provenance, condition, quality, or estimated selling price of any Lot is a statement of opinion only. Any illustrations in the catalogue are solely for the guidance of prospective Buyers and are not to be relied upon in terms of tone or colour or necessarily to reveal imperfections in any Lot; (b) Many Lots are of an age or nature which precludes their being in pristine condition and some descriptions in the catalogue make reference to damage and/or restoration. Such information is given for guidance only and the absence of such a reference does not imply that a Lot is free from defects nor does any reference to particular defects imply the absence of others; (c) Buyers must satisfy themselves as to all matters referred to in (a) and (b) above by inspection or otherwise prior to the date of the auction. The attention of Buyers is also drawn to the Explanation of Cataloguing Practice (if any) contained in the catalogue. 11. Exclusion of Warranties (a) No error or misdescription or deficiency in quantity shall vitiate the sale and the Buyer shall be bound to take delivery of the Lot without any allowance or abatement in price. (b) Any warranties which might otherwise be implied by the Sale of Goods Act 1923 are hereby excluded and shall not apply. All Lots are sold "as is" and Lawson-Menzies and the Vendor make no representations or warranties as to any Lot other than those implied by the Common Law or by statute, the exclusion of which would render this Condition void or voidable or which would constitute an offence by the Auctioneer or the Vendor. (c) Intending bidders must satisfy themselves by inspection or otherwise as to the nature of the Lot and must accept same with all faults, patent or latent (if any). (d) No warranty shall be implied from any affirmation made at the auction or otherwise but in all cases where an express warranty is intended, the same shall only be enforceable if reduced to writing and signed by the Vendor or by the Auctioneer as agent for the Vendor. 12. Guarantee (a) If: (1) within twenty-one (21) days of the date of the auction Lawson-Menzies receives notice writing from the Buyer of any Lot that in his view the Lot is a Forgery, and (2) within fourteen (14) days of such notice, the Buyer returns the Lot to Lawson menzies in the same condition as at the date of the auction, and (3) within a reasonable time thereafter, the Buyer satisfies Lawson-Menzies that the Lot is a Forgery and that the Buyer is able to give a good and marketable title of the Lot free of any liens or encumbrances, then Lawson-Menzies will set aside the sale and refund to the Buyer any amount paid for the Lot. (b) Provided that the Buyer shall have no rights under this Condition if: (1) he or she does not give the notice in writing within twenty-one (21) days as specified in Clause 11(a) (1), (2) the catalogue description at the date of the auction was in accordance with the then generally accepted opinions of scholars or experts or fairly indicated that there was a conflict of such opinion, or (3) it can be established that the Lot is a Forgery only by means of a scientific process not generally accepted for use until after the date of the auction or by means of a process which as at that date was unreasonably expensive or impractical or likely to have caused damage to the Lot; (c) The Buyer shall not be entitled to claim under this Condition for more than the amount paid by him for the Lot and in particular shall have no claims for any loss, consequential loss or damage, whether direct or indirect, suffered by him. (d) The benefit of this Condition shall not be assignable and shall rest solely and exclusively in the Buyer who shall be the person to whom the original invoice was made out by Lawson-Menzies in respect of the Lot when sold and who has since the auction retained uninterrupted and unencumbered ownership thereof. (e) In the event of a dispute under this Condition then the matter shall be settled by arbitration, the Arbitrator to be nominated by the President of the Auctioneers and Valuers Association of Australia (Inc.). Both the Buyer and the Vendor agree to bebound by that decision. 13. Agreement for Sale and Payment of Purchase Price Upon the sale of a Lot, the Buyer shall: (a) unless he has already done so, give to Lawson-Menzies his name and address, and, if so required by Lawson-Menzies, proof of his identity and details of his bank or other suitable references; (b) sign the agreement for sale (if any); (c) pay to Lawson-Menzies the Purchase Price within two (2) working days from the date of the auction unless such other terms or period have been specified or agreed to prior to the auction. Payment shall be made in Australian dollars either in cash (in house only), by bank cheque or by telegraphic transfer direct to Lawson-Menzies Trust Account. Personal cheques may be accepted at the discretion of Lawson-Menzies but, unless prior arrangements have been made, must be cleared before delivery of the Lot. (d) The Auctioneer may at his discretion require immediate payment or part payment of the Purchase Price in cash (in house only)or otherwise upon the fall of the hammer. 14. Responsibility for Purchased Lots A purchased Lot shall be at the Buyer's risk in all respects from the fall of the hammer whether or not payment has been made and neither Lawson-Menzies nor the Vendor shall thereafter be liable for any loss or damage of any kind, whether caused by negligence or otherwise, notwithstanding that any Lot is in or under Lawson-Menzies custody or control at the time of the occurrence of the loss or damage. 15. Collection of Purchases (a) The property in a Lot shall not pass to the Buyer until the Purchase Price has been paid in full and until all cheques given on account of same have been cleared. (b) No Lot may be taken away during the auction nor may any Lot be taken away until the Purchase Price has been paid in full. (c) The Buyer shall remove at his expense any Lot purchased by him within two (2) working days from the date of the auction or such other time as may be specified or agreed to by Lawson-Menzies and in this regard time shall be of the essence. (d) Any removal shall be at the risk of the Buyer and, in such removal, the Buyer shall do no damage or shall forthwith make good any damage which may be occasioned. (e) Any Lot or part thereof which the Buyer does not remove may thereafter be removed by Lawson-Menzies or by some person firm or company engaged by Lawson-Menzies or the Vendor and/or stored at the place at which the auction took place or elsewhere. Such removal and/or storage (whether made for the safety of the goods or for the convenience of the Vendor or Lawson-Menzies or to enable resale of the Lot pursuant to Condition 15) shall be deemed to have been made by Lawson-Menzies at the request of the Buyer and all costs incurred by Lawson-Menzies or the Vendor in relation thereto shall be immediately payable by the Buyer to Lawson-Menzies who may sue for and recover the same as liquidated damages. (f) Any packing and handling of purchased Lots by Lawson-Menzies is undertaken solely as a service to Buyers, and will only be undertaken at Lawson-Menzies discretion and at the Buyer's risk. Lawson-Menzies shall not be liable in any event for any damage to glass or frames, irrespective of cause. Lawson-Menzies shall not be liable for any errors or omissions or damage caused by packers and shippers that Lawson-Menzies has recommended to Buyers. (g) No Buyer shall resell or otherwise deal with any Lot or part thereof within the auction premises. 16. Remedies for non-payment or failure to collect purchases (a) If a Buyer fails either to pay for or to take away any purchased Lot within two (2) working days of the auction or such other period as is specified at the auction or subsequently agreed to or any cheque given on account of the Purchase Price is dishonoured, Lawson-Menzies shall, without further notice to the Buyer and in its absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights or remedies it may have, and without being bound to give any notice, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights or remedies: (1) to absolutely forfeit any moneys which the Buyer may have paid; (2) to issue proceedings against the Buyer for damages for breach of contract; (3) to rescind the sale of that or any other Lot sold to the Buyer at the same or at any other auction; (4) to resell the Lot or cause it to be resold by auction or private sale. Any deficiency in the Purchase Price resulting from such resale (after giving credit for any payment made) together with the full costs incurred in connection with the resale (including commission and Expenses) shall be payable to Lawson-Menzies by the Buyer and any surplus (if any) over the Proceeds of Sale of the initial sale shall belong to Lawson-Menzies; (5) to store the Lot or cause it to be stored whether in its own premises or elsewhere at the sole expense and risk of the Buyer, and to release the Lot only after payment in full of the Purchase Price together with Expenses accrued and all other costs incurred in connection with the Lot; (6) to charge interest on the Purchase Price and Expenses at 18% calculated on a daily basis to the extent that they remain unpaid in part or in full for more than two (2) days from the date of the auction; (7) to retain the Lot or any other Lot sold to the Buyer at the same or any other auction and release the same only after payment of the Purchase Price and accrued Expenses; (8) to apply any moneys at any time due and/or any Proceeds of Sale of any Lot then due or at any time thereafter becoming due to the Buyer by Lawson-Menzies or the Vendor towards settlement of the Purchase Price and Expenses; (9) to exercise a lien on any property of the buyer which is in Lawson-Menzies possession for any purpose; (10) to apply any payments by the Buyer to Lawson-Menzies or any credits due by Lawson-Menzies to the Buyer towards any sums owing from the Buyer to Lawson-Menzies or to any associated company of Lawson-Menzies without regard to any directions of the Buyer or his agent, whether express or implied. (b) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Lawson-Menzies shall be entitled to recover from the Buyer: (1) the amount of any Vendors commission and Buyers Premium upon the purchase which the Buyer did not complete, as determined in accordance with the Published Rates. (2) such sum for Expenses incurred by the Auctioneer in connection with or incidental to the auction or the resale, and (3) where applicable, any GST, or any other tax or charge relating to or arising from the sale of the Lot. (c) Should the same Buyer purchase more than one Lot at the same sale, then Lawson-Menzies may at any time elect to treat each contract as interdependent with the others and default under any one contract shall constitute default under any or all of the others. 17. Auctioneer not Liable for Damage Loss or Injury All persons attending an auction do so at their own risk and the auctioneer shall not be liable for any damage, loss or injury to person or property suffered for any cause whatsoever at any auction except insofar as the damage, loss or injury is caused by the direct negligence of Lawson-Menzies. 18. Law of these Conditions These Conditions of Business shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the law of the State in which the sale has been conducted and all parties concerned hereby submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of that State's Courts. 19. Sale by Private Treaty Where applicable these Conditions shall apply where relevant to either a sale by auction or by private treaty. 20. Notices Any notice given hereunder shall be in writing and if given by post shall be deemed to have been duly received by the addressee in the ordinary course of post. 21. Export Licence Any application for an export licence by the buyer pursuant to any of the following: 1. The Movable Cultural Heritage Act (1985); and 2. The Wildlife Protection (Regulations of Exports and Imports) Act 1982; and 3. Any other legislation or regulations that may prohibit the movement of or export of a lot from State to State or Territory and/or out of the Commonwealth of Australia shall not affect the obligations of the buyer to make payment to Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd within the time stipulated by these conditions. Unless there is an express written agreement by Lawson Menzies Pty Ltd to make an application for an export licence on his or her behalf, then all disbursements and out of pocket expenses that relate to such as application shall be to the buyer's account. INTERPRETATION CLAUSE In these Conditions of Business the following words and expressions shall have the following meanings: Auctioneer Lawson Menzies Pty. Ltd ACN 097 588 899 its servants and agents except that where the context so permits it shall include the person actually conducting the auction sale on behalf of James R.Lawson Pty. Limited. "Forgery" A Lot made or substantially made with an intention to deceive as to authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source which is not shown to be such in the description in the catalogue and which at the date of the auction had a value materially less that it would have had if it had been in accordance with the description. "Hammer Price" The price at which a Lot is knocked down to the Buyer. Lawson-Menzies Lawson Menzies Pty.Ltd ACN 097 588 899 trading as Lawson-Menzies and its employees and agents. Lot Any item deposited with Lawson-Menzies, whether on its premises or elsewhere, with a view to its sale by auction and, in particular, the item or items described against any Lot number in any catalogue. This phrase also includes the word "goods". Purchase Price The Hammer Price together with any sales tax if relevant, any Buyers Premium, Expenses and additional charges due from a defaulting Buyer under Condition 15. Reserve Price The value which is agreed to by Lawson-Menzies and the Vendor in writing as the minimum price for which a Lot will be sold. Vendor Includes each and every one of the owners of a Lot and the person or company instructing the Auctioneer to offer that Lot for sale and where more than one jointly and severally Vendors Commission The commission due to Lawson-Menzies from the Vendor on the sale or attempted sale of a Lot. GST Goods and Services Tax Words in these Conditions of Business importing the singular or plural number shall be deemed to include the plural or singular number respectively and words importing the masculine gender only shall include the feminine or neuter gender and vice versa as the case may require.
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