Title/Content of Map: Plan de la Rade et Ville de la Vera-cruz. Situee par 19. deg. 10 min. de Lat. Sep. et 100 d. 15 m. a l'Occid de ParisDate Printed: 1754Cartographer: Bellin, Jacques NicolasSize (inches): 6 x 9Original wash hand-coloring
One of the earliest available port plans of Veracruz, Mexico, the harbor of Veracruz and nearby islands. Notations of numerous depth soundings, sandbanks (ex: Banc de Roches; le Banc Forain; le Grand Banc de Roches) , and an anchorage attest to the nautical heritage of this small antique French port plan. From the 15-volume "Histoire Generale des Voyages" of Antoine FranÃ§ois PrÃ©vost published from Paris in 1754. Tome XII. Number 7.
It was on the island of San Juan de UlÃºa that Spanish captain Juan de Grijalva first arrived in 1518, along with conquistador and author Bernal DÃaz del Castillo ("The True History of the Conquest of New Spain"). That island was also the scene of a battle in 1569 between the Spanish Navy and a fleet led by John Hawkins that included Francis Drake. The treachery that the English perceived on the part of Spain at that battle helped to fuel antagonism between the two powers for many decades.
French hydrographer Jacques Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772) was born in Paris and educated as an engineer. In 1741, Bellin became the first IngÃ©nieur de la Marine of the Depot des cartes et plans de la Marine (the French Hydrographical Office) and was named Official Hydrographer of the French King. Bellin's largest and most comprehensive work is the Petit Atlas Maritime (1764) with 581 charts that cover the coasts and important port cities of the known world. The Petit Atlas Maritime Recueil De Cartes et Plans Des Quatre Parties Du Monde is probably the best compilation of plans of maritime towns and harbors of its time.
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin(1703-1772) was a French cartographer, hydrographer and geographer. Born in Paris, Bellin was a member of the French intellectual group, the philosophes, a member of the Academie de Marine and of the Royal Society of London. His career spanned over five decades in which he produced a large number of maps for the DÃ©pot des Cartes et Plans de la Marine.
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