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Roman Lead Sarcophagus Panel, Medusa, Dolphins, Griffin

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Roman Lead Sarcophagus Panel, Medusa, Dolphins, Griffin
Item Details
Description
Roman, Imperial Period, ca. 2nd century CE. A panel of a lead sarcophagus with a variety of well-preserved motifs. The lower register is supported by three Ionic columns. One side contains a winged female griffin with a human head and breasts; the other side contains a Medusa roundel surrounded by four dolphins, and various leaf elements. There is also a wide upper band with roped borders with a laurel branch. These motifs were impressed into the lead using stamps, and all had connotations relating to death and the afterlife. Size: 22.75" W x 13.4" H (57.8 cm x 34 cm); 14.75" H (37.5 cm) on included custom stand.

Prior to the 2nd century, Romans cremated their dead; around that time, inspired by the Greek and Etruscan practice of using sarcophagi, they began to place their dead in sarcophagi. This trend spread rapidly throughout the Roman Empire. In the western part of the Empire, which based on the leaf motif this panel probably came from, sarcophagi were placed inside a mausoleum against a wall or in a niche, so the only decorated panels were on the front and the short sides. The leaf motif refers to actual garlands and flowers used to decorate tombs and altars. This panel probably came from the grave of a high-status Roman citizen.

Provenance: ex-Arte Primitivo, New York, New York, USA; ex-private New Jersey, USA collection, acquired 25 years ago

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

We ship worldwide to most countries and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience.

#145116
Condition
Piece is a fragment as shown, with losses to the edges. Small, stable surface cracks radiate from the edges. White patina covers much of the surface. Motifs are in excellent condition and very clear.
Buyer's Premium
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Roman Lead Sarcophagus Panel, Medusa, Dolphins, Griffin

Estimate $1,800 - $2,500
Apr 04, 2019
See Sold Price
Starting Price $1,200
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Ships from Louisville, CO, United States
Artemis Gallery

Artemis Gallery

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0018C: Roman Lead Sarcophagus Panel, Medusa, Dolphins, Griffin

Lot Passed
0 Bids
Est. $1,800 - $2,500Starting Price $1,200
Ancient / Ethnographic From Around The World
Apr 04, 2019 10:00 AM EDT
Buyer's Premium 24.5%

Lot 0018C Details

Description
...
Roman, Imperial Period, ca. 2nd century CE. A panel of a lead sarcophagus with a variety of well-preserved motifs. The lower register is supported by three Ionic columns. One side contains a winged female griffin with a human head and breasts; the other side contains a Medusa roundel surrounded by four dolphins, and various leaf elements. There is also a wide upper band with roped borders with a laurel branch. These motifs were impressed into the lead using stamps, and all had connotations relating to death and the afterlife. Size: 22.75" W x 13.4" H (57.8 cm x 34 cm); 14.75" H (37.5 cm) on included custom stand.

Prior to the 2nd century, Romans cremated their dead; around that time, inspired by the Greek and Etruscan practice of using sarcophagi, they began to place their dead in sarcophagi. This trend spread rapidly throughout the Roman Empire. In the western part of the Empire, which based on the leaf motif this panel probably came from, sarcophagi were placed inside a mausoleum against a wall or in a niche, so the only decorated panels were on the front and the short sides. The leaf motif refers to actual garlands and flowers used to decorate tombs and altars. This panel probably came from the grave of a high-status Roman citizen.

Provenance: ex-Arte Primitivo, New York, New York, USA; ex-private New Jersey, USA collection, acquired 25 years ago

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all winning bids.

We ship worldwide to most countries and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience.

#145116
Condition
...
Piece is a fragment as shown, with losses to the edges. Small, stable surface cracks radiate from the edges. White patina covers much of the surface. Motifs are in excellent condition and very clear.

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