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Lot 0001B
Native American, probably Alaska, ca. 1000 to 1700 CE. A haunting miniature anthropomorphic figure, hand-carved from a marine mammal bone, probably walrus. The figure stands crouched, knees slightly bent, with his arms similarly bent; his one remaining hand is shown with the palm upward, mirroring the shape of the feet. The figure's head is oversized for its body, with deeply drilled, round eyes set close together around a long, thin nose, a small slit for a mouth, and a bun-like projection on the top of the figure's head. A hole drilled diagonally upward just above the groin may indicate that the piece once had a detachable phallus or may represent a belly button. The surface has a rich, dark patina that showcases the structure of the bone. Size: 1" W x 3" H (2.5 cm x 7.6 cm); 4.95" H (12.6 cm) on included custom stand.

For thousands of years and across the thousands of miles that encompass the Arctic world, people have carved miniatures from bone, antler, and ivory. Many seem to have been used as toggles, amulets, or charms, while, in the past, many also seem to have had shamanic power. In indigenous Arctic cosmology, all living beings have a "tarniq" or a "tarninga" which means a shade or image that is, literally, a tiny human or tiny animal with the same appearance. This is comparable to the Western idea of a soul. If the living being was somehow separated from his or her tarniq, they would fall ill, and, without shamanic intervention, ultimately die. This concept of a miniature representing a soul seems intimately linked with the practice of creating miniatures.

Provenance: private Newport Beach, California, USA collection; ex-Nasser Tribal Art Gallery, New York, USA

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Rich, smooth patina. One arm is missing at the elbow. There may have once been a phallus that is lost.

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Ancient Alaskan Bone Anthropomorphic Figure

Estimate $1,250 - $1,650May 24, 2018