Glass and Porcelain
c. 1800 Historical Liverpool Creamware Pitcher “Washington in Glory, America in Tears” & American Ship
c. 1800 Federal Period, Historical Liverpool Creamware Memorial Pitcher, “Washington in Glory,” with American Flag Sailing Ship, Choice Extremely Fine.
A beautiful example of a Historical Liverpool Creamware Pitcher measuring about 9.5” tall and is 6” in diameter at its base. One side features a rare black transfer, “Washington in Glory, America in Tears” that features a bust portrait of George Washington along with his birth and death dates. This transfer is very similar to one listed as “W.44” on page 66 of “Anglo-American Ceramics Part I” by David & Linda Arman. The opposite side transfer on this pitcher features an American Sailing Ship flying a 16-Star American Flag (In 1796 Tennessee entered as the 16th State). Beneath the spout is a smaller black transfer displaying American arms, militaria, cannon drum and Flag. A hairline crack is to the right of the handle, but otherwise fine condition. A lovely specimen for display.
Historical (1760 to 1820) “Liverpool Creamware” is the collector name generally given to pottery produced in England during the mid-18th and into the early-19th century. These decorative pieces were produced by expert potters who were obsessed with the idea of copying quality Chinese porcelain, then considered to be the highest quality ceramic available. Certain potters, such as Josiah Wedgewood, Thomas Whieldon and Josiah Spode, made improvements to the existing earthenwares which they named “Creamware” (or in Wedgewood’s case “Queensware”).
This thin earthenware was dipped into a clear glaze, which combined with the natural impurities of the clay to give the ware a creamy, pale yellow tint. Creamware is readily identifiable as a pottery having a cream-colored body and a perfectly clear glaze. The earliest transfer prints were applied over the glazes of the creamware, a practice which continued well into the 19th century.
The dates of production of Liverpool Creamware ran from 1760 to 1820, with the Revolutionary War figures and events predominant. Normally all of the transfer prints were done in black, with the exceptions of a very few pieces found with transfers in red, rust, carmine, sepia, lavender, or green. The latter three are really quite rare. Certain Liverpool potters made it a practice to embellish the black transfers with a variety of hand-applied enamels in red, blue, green, yellow and brown. (See Arman: “Anglo-American Ceramics Part I” pages 11-21).