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Lot 0221
Description: Exceptional Large Italian Bust of Caesar | Hand made in Italy of Terracotta | The upper section of the bust is fashioned of red clay, below of which is Caesar's Robe in a white glazed classical attire | The bust of Caesar depicts the Roman Emperor at a younger age. It bears a very close resemblance to the head of the Bronze Sculpture of Julius Caesar in Rimini, Italy | The sculpture is raised on a matching and incorporated base | The bust measures 24" (60.96cm) in height, and 17" (43.18cm) width. Gaius Julius Caesar, known as Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, general, and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey formed a political alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power as Populares were opposed by the Optimates within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's victories in the Gallic Wars, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain. These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to step down from his military command and return to Rome. Caesar refused the order, and instead marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman Italy under arms.[3] Civil war resulted, and Caesar's victory in the war put him in an unrivaled position of power and influence. After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralized the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity", giving him additional authority. But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of rebellious senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never fully restored. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power after defeating his opponents in the civil war. Octavian set about solidifying his power, and the era of the Roman Empire began. Much of Caesar's life is known from his own accounts of his military campaigns, and from other contemporary sources, mainly the letters and speeches of Cicero and the historical writings of Sallust. The later biographies of Caesar by Suetonius and Plutarch are also major sources. Caesar is considered by many historians to be one of the greatest military commanders in history.

Dimensions

17 x 24 x 10 in

Weight

40 lb

Starting Bid

$200.00

Buyer's Premium

  • 23% up to $500.00
  • 18% up to $10,000.00
  • 15% above $10,000.00

Large Italian Sculpture of the Roman Emperor Caesar

Sat, Jul 21, 2018 2:00 PM GMT
Auction starts in
14 Hrs53 Min25 Sec
$2000 Bids
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112 Public Square
Gallatin, TN 37066
United States
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