logo
Weekly Auctions of Exceptional Items
Log In
lots of lots

Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure

Sold on LiveAuctioneers

Discover Similar Items

See All
$450

Black Panthers The Sky's the Limit if You Kill Huey Newton. Poster, 28 1/4 x 19 inches; minor dampstaining, staple holes in margins, minor wear, tape remnants on verso. Oakland, CA: Black Panther Part

$20

African American History, NAACP leader W.E.B Du Bois, sepia-tone photo print on heavy cardstock. Created in the early 1990's for The American Heritage Galleries. 8" X 10". William Edward Burghardt Du

$1556 bids

1864 1st ed Stonewall Jackson American CIVIL WAR Confederate General Battle CSA “Once you get them running, you stay right on top of them, and that way a small force can defeat a large one every ti

$4255 bids

A framed oil on canvas painting depicting two soldiers. Signed with monogram J.H (?) lower right. Circa: the 19th century.Dimensions: Frame: 29 1/2 X 25 1/2 in.Image: 23 3/4 X 19 1/2 in.

$382 bids

This lot is located on the second floor of a barn ( has steps going up). This is for all the items located on the right side. Take what you want and leave the rest

3 days Left
$382 bids
$11 bid

Comes with plastic figures. All of the roofs come off and have holes in bottoms for lighting. Far back right one is approx 5" x 5 3/4" x 6" tall.

$20

Civil War wood engraving, from an 1864 Harper's Weekly Illustrated Newspaper, General Grant's Campaign - Return of Kautz's Cavalry Expedition From Its Raid In Virginia, from a sketch by William Waud.

$300

with view of Notre Dame Cathedral, oil on canvas, signed 'Antoine Blanchard Jr.' (lower right), good condition, UV clean, 30x40in., overall framed 37x46in., Provenance: Purchased EDM Art Gallery, Clif

item-69858021=1
Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure

Lot 0045 Details

Description
Civil Rights

Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure Civil Rights at the Start of the Jim Crow Era 

 

“Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, That no person shall be denied the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities and privileges of all hotels, inns, taverns, restaurants, public conveyances on land or water, theatres and places of public resort or amusement, because of race, creed or color…”

 

[CIVIL RIGHTS].  JOHN HILL. Broadside. Assembly No 13., State of New Jersey. An Act to Prevent Discrimination against Any Person on Account of his Race, Creed or Color. Large folio sheet, with numbered lines, printed for the use of the legislature. [New Jersey], Introduced January 9, 1883. Fine condition.

 

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 forbid discrimination in hotels, trains, and other public spaces. In 1883, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the Civil Rights act of 1875 was not authorized by the 13th or 14th Amendments, and therefore was unconstitutional. The Court established the state-action doctrine, allowing Jim Crow segregation and discrimination by private actors.

 

In an unsuccessful attempt to counter the Court's decision, Congressman John Hill (1821-1884) of New Jersey placed this act on the table to guarantee equal treatment under the law for all.

 

Excerpted From Wikipedia:

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 … sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African American, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights", giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service.… The drafting of the bill was performed early in 1870 by Senator Charles Sumner, a dominant Radical Republican in the Senate, with the assistance of John Mercer Langston, a prominent African American who established the law department at Howard University….

 

Grant had wanted an entirely different law to help him suppress election-related violence against blacks and Republicans in the South. Congress did not give him that, but instead wrote a law for equal rights to public accommodations that was passed as a memorial to Grant's bitterest enemy, the late Senator Charles Sumner. Grant never commented on the 1875 law, and did nothing to enforce it says historian John Hope Franklin. Grant's Justice Department ignored it and did not send copies to US attorneys, says Franklin, while many federal judges called it unconstitutional before the Supreme Court shut it down….

 

The Supreme Court, in an 8–1 decision, declared sections of the act unconstitutional in the Civil Rights Cases on October 15, 1883. Justice John Marshall Harlan provided the lone dissent. The Court held the Equal Protection Clause within the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits discrimination by the state and local government, but it does not give the federal government the power to prohibit discrimination by private individuals and organizations. The Court also held that the Thirteenth Amendment was meant to eliminate "the badge of slavery," but not to prohibit racial discrimination in public accommodations. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last civil rights bill to be signed into law by the federal government until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 during the Civil Rights Movement….

 

Provisions contained in the Civil Rights Act of 1875 were later readopted by Congress … as part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. The 1964 and 1968 acts relied upon the Commerce Clause contained in Article One of the Constitution of the United States rather than the Equal Protection Clause within the Fourteenth Amendment.

 WE PROVIDE IN-HOUSE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE!

Buyer's Premium
  • 25%

Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure

Estimate $1,000 - $1,200
Mar 27, 2019
Starting Price $350
Shipping, Payment & Auction Policies
See Policy for Shipping
Ships fromWestport , CT, United States
University Archives

University Archives

Westport , CT, USA
1,892 Followers

Related Searches

logo
www.liveauctioneers.com
item

0045: Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure

Sold for $450
5 Bids
Est. $1,000 - $1,200Starting Price $350
Autographed Documents, Books & Relics
Wed, Mar 27, 2019 10:30 AM EDT
Buyer's Premium 25%

Lot 0045 Details

Description
...
Civil Rights

Civil Rights - NJ Unsuccessfully Attempts to Ensure Civil Rights at the Start of the Jim Crow Era 

 

“Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, That no person shall be denied the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities and privileges of all hotels, inns, taverns, restaurants, public conveyances on land or water, theatres and places of public resort or amusement, because of race, creed or color…”

 

[CIVIL RIGHTS].  JOHN HILL. Broadside. Assembly No 13., State of New Jersey. An Act to Prevent Discrimination against Any Person on Account of his Race, Creed or Color. Large folio sheet, with numbered lines, printed for the use of the legislature. [New Jersey], Introduced January 9, 1883. Fine condition.

 

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 forbid discrimination in hotels, trains, and other public spaces. In 1883, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the Civil Rights act of 1875 was not authorized by the 13th or 14th Amendments, and therefore was unconstitutional. The Court established the state-action doctrine, allowing Jim Crow segregation and discrimination by private actors.

 

In an unsuccessful attempt to counter the Court's decision, Congressman John Hill (1821-1884) of New Jersey placed this act on the table to guarantee equal treatment under the law for all.

 

Excerpted From Wikipedia:

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 … sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African American, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights", giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service.… The drafting of the bill was performed early in 1870 by Senator Charles Sumner, a dominant Radical Republican in the Senate, with the assistance of John Mercer Langston, a prominent African American who established the law department at Howard University….

 

Grant had wanted an entirely different law to help him suppress election-related violence against blacks and Republicans in the South. Congress did not give him that, but instead wrote a law for equal rights to public accommodations that was passed as a memorial to Grant's bitterest enemy, the late Senator Charles Sumner. Grant never commented on the 1875 law, and did nothing to enforce it says historian John Hope Franklin. Grant's Justice Department ignored it and did not send copies to US attorneys, says Franklin, while many federal judges called it unconstitutional before the Supreme Court shut it down….

 

The Supreme Court, in an 8–1 decision, declared sections of the act unconstitutional in the Civil Rights Cases on October 15, 1883. Justice John Marshall Harlan provided the lone dissent. The Court held the Equal Protection Clause within the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits discrimination by the state and local government, but it does not give the federal government the power to prohibit discrimination by private individuals and organizations. The Court also held that the Thirteenth Amendment was meant to eliminate "the badge of slavery," but not to prohibit racial discrimination in public accommodations. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last civil rights bill to be signed into law by the federal government until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 during the Civil Rights Movement….

 

Provisions contained in the Civil Rights Act of 1875 were later readopted by Congress … as part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. The 1964 and 1968 acts relied upon the Commerce Clause contained in Article One of the Constitution of the United States rather than the Equal Protection Clause within the Fourteenth Amendment.

 WE PROVIDE IN-HOUSE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE!

Contacts

University Archives
(203) 454-0111
88 Danbury Road, Suite 2A
Wilton, CT 06897
USA
LiveAuctioneers Support
info@liveauctioneers.com
iphoneandroidPhone
As Seen On
NBC
ABC
Today
Chicago Tribune
Architectural Digest
Shop With Confidence
Since 2002, LiveAuctioneers has made exceptional items available for safe purchase in secure online auctions.
BACK TO TOP