An Incredible Roman Micromosaic Plaque, circa 1840-1850
circular, "Village People"
In a later gilt wood frame
An Italian micromosaic depicting the View of Tivoli, Roman, first quarter 19th century, of rectangular form, within a Greek-key border and carved giltwood frame 43.5cm. high, 36cm. wide; 1ft. 5 1/4 in., 1ft. 2 1/4 in. Clearly inspired by classical Roman mosaic emblemata, this exquisite panel was commissioned from the Vatican Mosaic Studio by Pope Gregorius XVI (b.1765- d.1846), who reigned as Pope from 1831 until his death in 1846 and this was most likely a gift for a high dignitary, such as a foreign diplomat. It seems to depict Greek goddesses Tyche, who ruled the fortune and prosperity of a city, and Athena, deity of wisdom, courage and war in a non-canonical composition which includes an eagle carrying the victor's wreath, which stands for Zeus, a sacrificial tripod standing for Apollo, and an enigmatic blank legionary standard. During classical times, an emblema was a figurative panel used as a focal point to larger floor mosaics, manufactured in terracotta or stone trays by specialized workshops to be later set in larger floor compositions. Such diplomatic gifts, produced READ MORE An Incredible Roman micromosaic plaque, circa 1840-1850 circular, "Village People" in a later gilt wood frame
panel: 30.4cm., 12 in. diameter